Comparing 他/她/它/牠/祂

Comparing 他/她/它/牠/祂

希望我們在這裏分享的各種遊戲能帶給孩子學習的歡樂,也帶給你更多的家庭教學靈感。大家發到【講媽 ⦁ 講爸】Facebook 群組 的孩子學習照片為我們帶來很大的鼓舞。要是你還未加入我們的大家庭,那就要趕快去看看喔!

We hope you have been finding these activities and tips helpful and fun. We certainly have been enjoying your pictures and feedback in our Sagebooks HK Parent Support Facebook Group. If you haven’t checked us out there yet, please take a quick second to join!

In spoken Chinese, there is no differentiation between pronouns of any type. Regardless of gender, species, or even objects, they all sound the same. However, after contact with the West, differences in written Chinese started to be introduced.

While it is still perfectly acceptable and grammatically correct to use 他 in all circumstances, modern Chinese has started incorporating all the different kinds of 他 and it’s useful for children to recognize them.

Plus, your children will learn about the differences between male/female, objects, animals, and deities. Also, it’s a very easy way to teach kids the differences in radicals and see how obviously they apply to each pronoun.

For a brief refresher, here are all the different kinds of 他:

Chinese TA
Indication
generic for all situations; he/him/his
she/her/hers
it/its (object)
it (animals)
3rd person pronoun for divine beings

ACTIVITY OF THE WEEK

Most of these activities focus on matching and decoding which pronouns belong to which object/person.

ACTIVITIY 1 - Pronouns Picture Matching Game
(age 3+, single/multiple player)
WHAT YOU NEED 道具
  • Sheets of paper
  • Pen/Pencil
  • Various pictures of people, animals, objects, and gods/religious symbols
HOW TO MAKE 準備
  • Write each pronoun on multiple cards
  • Print out or provide pictures (in books or magazines) of the various subjects
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
  1. Pass out at least one of every pronoun to every child.
  2. Choose a picture (or point to an object in your house) and ask your child to choose which pronoun goes with the picture. Technically, 他 works in all situations, but for the purpose of this activity, limit to the male or mixed gender pictures.
  3. Continue until all pictures/examples are used.
ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY 玩法變化

視乎孩子的情況,你可以增加以下的活動:

Depending on the age of your child, you can increase or decrease the difficulty level of the activity by:

  1. Using pictures of groups of objects/people/animals (This is hard because it would default to 他.)
  2. If your child is younger and can’t understand the concept of divine beings, remove that category.
  3. If your children are really young, you may want to limit to 2 or 3 pronouns and leave the rest out.
 
ACTIVITIY 2 - Memory Matching Pronouns Game
(age 3+, single/multiple player)
WHAT YOU NEED 道具
  • Sheets of paper
  • Pen/Pencil
HOW TO MAKE 準備
  • Write each pronoun on multiple cards
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
  1. Mix up the cards and place them face down on the floor.
  2. Have the first child flip over two cards. If they match, they keep the pair and can either go again or have the next child go.
  3. Take turns until all cards are paired.
ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY 玩法變化

視乎孩子的情況,你可以增加以下的活動:

Depending on the age of your child, you can increase or decrease the difficulty level of the activity by:

  1. If your children are really young, you may want to limit to 2 or 3 pronouns and leave the rest out.
 
ACTIVITIY 3 - Pronoun Radicals Matching Game
(age 3+, single/multiple player)
WHAT YOU NEED 道具
HOW TO MAKE 準備
  • Write multiple pronoun cards several times
  • Also write the radicals of the pronouns several times on cards
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
  1. Shuffle the pronoun cards.
  2. Give each child at least one of each radical card.
  3. Flip over a pronoun card and have each child choose which is the matching radical.
ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY 玩法變化

視乎孩子的情況,你可以增加以下的活動:

Depending on the age of your child, you can increase or decrease the difficulty level of the activity by:

    1. You can also swap which cards you shuffle (ie: use the radical cards and have your child choose the matching pronoun)
    2. If your children are really young, instead of having them match pronouns with the radicals, you can use only pronoun cards.
ACTIVITIY 4 - Radical Elimination Game
(age 3+, single/multiple player)
WHAT YOU NEED 道具
  • Sheets of paper
  • Pen/Pencil
  • Timer
HOW TO MAKE 準備
  • Write radicals on the cards
  • Write 也 / 匕 on multiple cards
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
  1. Mix up all the radicals and the 也 匕 cards together and spread out on the floor.
  2. Set a timer for 1-2 minutes and have the children make as many pronouns as possible.
ALTERNATIVE WAYS TO PLAY 玩法變化

視乎孩子的情況,你可以增加以下的活動:

Depending on the age of your child, you can increase or decrease the difficulty level of the activity by:

  1. If your children are younger, you can separate the radicals from the 也 / 匕
  2. You can also remove the timer or make the time limit shorter.
  3. To make it harder, turn the cards face down and turn into a memory game. Matched pairs are whatever radical matches the 也 / 匕
 

我們希望能看到你的孩子做這些遊戲的照片或影片,也希望能聽到你的意見或提問。更歡迎加入我們的【講媽 ⦁ 講爸】Facebook 群組,我們等你喔~

We would love to hear your comments and see pictures of your kids doing the activities. Make sure you join our Sagebooks HK Parent Support Facebook Group and share with us!

HOMESCHOOLING TIPS

盡量讓孩子感到中文好玩

你可能覺得這會有點難度,尤其當孩子開始長大,他們也許已經不買你那套玩意了。可以競爭好勝的心總會有的,那就將它變成一種比賽或是得分遊戲吧。例如:完成了一個活動或掌握了一個概念後他們就可以得到積分或獎勵。

你也可以在作業和課本以外加入一些中文的電影、表演節目、好玩的遊戲之類。

我們在這裏設計的那麼多遊戲的目的,也就是要小朋友覺得學習好玩。

Have your child associate Chinese with fun.

Yes, this can admittedly be harder than anticipated. Especially when children get older. However, you can try things like “gameification” which is having your children unlock rewards or prizes for completing certain Chinese activities or mastering specific concepts. It’s basically a fancy term for a rewards chart.

Or, you can introduce more Chinese movies, shows, and fun games so that Chinese is not always associated with homework and textbooks.

This is a huge reason why we try to give activity ideas in our posts.

Like this tip? Join us in our Facebook Group and meet other parents who are teaching their kids Basic Chinese 500 at all different ages and levels.

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU

很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。

Many parents are already part of our Facebook Group. If you’d like to take advantage of the collective wisdom of your fellow parents, please join us.

We’d love to hear from you.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2020 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2020 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2020 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

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