水部 - 幼兒識 部首

水部 – 幼兒識 部首

水,是孩子每天會接觸到的東西:飲用、清潔、玩耍⋯ 孩子和水有着緊密的關係。水是那樣的難以捉摸、變幻多端,難怪總會讓孩子樂而忘返。
水,也是最常用的漢字部首之一。

這裏的幾個活動目的是讓孩子集中學習水部首。

希望我們在這裏分享的各種遊戲能帶給孩子學習的歡樂,也帶給你更多的家庭教學靈感。大家發到【講媽 ⦁ 講爸】Facebook 群組 的孩子學習照片為我們帶來很大的鼓舞。要是你還未加入我們的大家庭,那就要趕快去看看喔!

We hope you have been finding these activities and tips helpful and fun. We certainly have been enjoying your pictures and feedback in our Sagebooks HK Parent Support Facebook Group. If you haven’t checked us out there yet, please take a quick second to join!

學習目標
  • 能認識水字和水部的字形演變 (象形字)
  • 能說出水部代表的意義
  • 能正確掌握水部的筆畫名稱、筆形和筆順
  • 能辨認出水部的字
  • 能利用水部認識其他同部首的字

Water, 水, is always children’s favourite. It is of ultimate importance to all lives.
Unsurprisingly, 水 (氵) is one of the most commonly used Bushous (部首, radicals) of Chinese characters.

The activities outlined here focus on the study of this bushou.

What I will learn
  • To recognise the character 水 and understand its formation and evolution.
  • To tell the meaning of 水.
  • To say the names of the strokes of  氵, to know how each stroke is written and the correct order of writing them.
  • To identify characters that have the same 氵bushou.
  • To learn other characters through the 氵bushou.

ACTIVITY OF THE WEEK

在做以下活動之前,最好能先讓孩子玩玩水,作為他身心的準備,能加強學習成效。
以下的活動,每次選一樣來做就好,不要讓孩子感到疲勞有壓力。

ACTIVITIY 1 - 活動一 認識部首演變&意義
WHAT YOU NEED 道具
overview-50
history-50
HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備
  • 將PDF列印出來
  • 將第2頁的四幅圖片逐一剪下來
  • Print out the worksheets. Cut out the 4 diagrams of p2.
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
    1. 利用第1頁的內容,向孩子講述水字的起源、水字的演變和水部的變形
    2. 向孩子解說水部的兩個主要意義:
      (a) 含有水的名詞,例如:海、河、(果)汁、汗水
      (b) 和水有關的活動或動作,例如:洗澡、游泳、流
    3. 讓孩子將4張水字演變圖片按演變發展順序排列出來

    只要孩子願意,鼓勵他重複玩。

  1. Show P1 of the worksheet to your child. Explain to them how the character 水 was first “drawn”, resembling flowing water. Show them how it gradually evolved to its present day form. Also show its form when it is written as a bushou.
  2. Explain to your child the 2 major meanings of  the characters with 氵bushou:
    (a) nouns that contain water, such as: 海 (the sea)、河 (the river)、(果)汁 (juice)、汗水 (sweat)
    (b) actions related to water, such as: 洗澡 (to bathe)、游泳 (to swim)、流 (to flow)
  3. Ask your child to arrange the 4 diagrams of the evolution of 水 in their correct order.
ACTIVITIY 2 - 活動二 認識水部字形
WHAT YOU NEED 道具
HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備
  • 將PDF的 p3 列印出來
  • print out p3
bushou-50
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
  1. 讓孩子看水部字形,認識水部。水部亦稱為「三點水」
  2. 利用第一幅藍色水部圖片,逐筆告訴孩子水部的筆順和名稱:點、點、剔(提)。
  3. 讓孩子用手指在水部字形上描繪,一面描,一面說出筆畫名稱
  4. 孩子在5個空心字形上分別填上他喜愛的顏色,用蠟筆、水彩、七彩閃粉膠水⋯ 都可以
  1. Show your child how氵is written. Tell them this is 水部。It is also known as 三點水.
  2. Using the first diagram (solid colour), tell your child the name of each stroke, in correct order: 點 /dian/、點 /dian/、剔(提) /ti/.
  3. Ask your child to use their finger to trace the氵bushou while saying each stroke name.
  4. Invite your child to colour in the 5 氵bushou in their favourite colours.
ACTIVITIY 3 - 活動三 認識水部的字 & 詞彙
HOW TO PREPARE 事前準備
  • 將PDF的 p4列印出來 print out p4 of the worksheet
  • 按孩子的進度,將他已學過的水部字的課文和字卡都準備好 Get the lessons and cards of the characters ready
HOW TO PLAY 玩法
  1. 練習紙上的字依基礎漢字500課程教授的次序排列
  2. 每個字的九宮格的顏色與基礎漢字500級別的顏色一致,方便家長識別孩子是否已學會個別漢字
  3. 每個漢字旁邊有一個相關的詞彙,用字都在課程之內,配合孩子的進度。鼓勵教導孩子一起學習
  1. The 10 characters on the worksheet are arranged in the same order as how they are taught in the Basic Chinese 500 course.
  2. The writing grid of the characters follow the same colour scheme of each level of the course. They help you to verify if your child has already learnt the characters.
  3. There is a word next to each character. All the characters are taught in the course. Please encourage your child to learn them together.

更多常識 Additional information

要是孩子有一定的理解力,你可以進一步向孩子解說水字相關的知識,加強他對水的印象,豐富他的常識認知。

根據《說文解字》, 水字可以解釋為「評度的標准」,例如:水平。在五行中,水代表北方的屬性。

中國的地理環境變化多端,水的形態也各有不同。自古以來,我們的先人對水就有很仔細的分類和描述。在甲骨文中,動態的流水一般寫作縱向    或  

而靜止或漫流的水通常寫作橫向  

以下是由山上的源頭開始的各種「水」的名稱:

Depending on your child’s age and understanding, you can also tell them more stories about water to help them relate to the words and enrich their knowledge.

According to《說文解字》 which is the classic Chinese dictionary, one of the meanings of水 is “the standard of evaluation”, such as 水平. In the 5 basic elements (五行), water represents the north.

The vast land of China encompasses a rich array of variations of geographic features, which results in different types of bodies of water. Our ancestors studied these bodies of water and came up with different words to describe them. In ancient writing, actively flowing waters are written vertically (  ,   ) whereas quieter or still waters are written horizontally (  ).

The table below shows how different bodies of water are called, starting from the source of water in the mountains.

各種水的名稱
How different bodies of water are called in Chinese

描述 Description
名稱 What it's called
拼音 Pinyin
水流的源頭 The source of water
quán
石壁上飛濺的山泉 The mountain water splashing from the cliffs
shuǐ
由山泉匯成的水 When various 泉 gather together
jiàn
山澗在地面匯成的清流 The clear water formed when several brooks in the mountains gather together
眾多小溪匯成的水流 The small river formed when several streams merge
chuān
眾多川流匯成的大川 The larger river formed when several smaller rivers merge
最大的河 The largest river
jiāng

我們希望能看到你的孩子做這些遊戲的照片或影片,也希望能聽到你的意見或提問。更歡迎加入我們的【講媽 ⦁ 講爸】Facebook 群組,我們等你喔~

We would love to hear your comments and see pictures of your kids doing the activities. Make sure you join our Sagebooks HK Parent Support Facebook Group and share with us!

HOMESCHOOLING TIPS

利用字卡學習新詞彙,可以幫助孩子記憶。

將孩子感到困難的生字詞彙用字卡記下來(或是從「閱讀練習卡」中選出來),讓孩子可以靈活地隨時多加練習,一次不要太多,而是要靠積少成多喔。

A great way to help your child learn and retain new vocabulary is to create vocabulary cards.

You can do this by introducing new words or words that your child finds difficult. Use the cards during the week by encouraging your child to review a few at a time.

Like this tip? Join us in our Facebook Group and meet other parents who are teaching their kids Basic Chinese 500 at all different ages and levels.

我們會經常為大家探討漢字和語文的課題。
要是你有特別的相關課題希望我們探討,歡迎您告訴我們。

We discuss Chinese language and culture related topics on a regular basis.
If you would like us to discuss certain topics about Chinese, please let us know.

更多教養支援 SUPPORT FOR YOU

很多家長都已是我們 Facebook 群組【講媽 · 講爸園地】 的成員。歡迎你也加入我們,一起互相鼓勵和支持,共同為孩子的學習而努力。

Many parents are already part of our Facebook Group. If you’d like to take advantage of the collective wisdom of your fellow parents, please join us.

We’d love to hear from you.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2020 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2020 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

Sagebooks Hongkong promotes independent reading and life-long learning by nurturing the child’s confidence, autonomy and self-teaching abilities. Since 2006. Find out more About Us.

© 2020 Sagebooks Hongkong. All rights reserved.

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